European car sales analysis September 2019

September 2019 is a strange month for European car sales, as September last year was the first month after the introduction of the new WLTP fuel economy (and emissions) testing procedure, for which not all manufacturers were equally well prepared. This meant that a number of engine/model configurations for some manufacturers which had not yet been tested under the new procedure would not be allowed to be sold in Europe after Septermber 1st. As a result, those cars were pre-registered in July and August 2018 even though they had not yet been sold to a consumer. This gave a boost to car sales in those months for manufacturers like Renault, Nissan, Volkswagen, Audi, Fiat and Alfa Romeo, which subsequently suffered in September and the following months. While some brands were much less affected, the overall European car market showed a similar trend, as you can see in the graph above. August 2018 was a relatively strong month (+26,5%), while August 2019 was much weaker (-7,5%), but in an upward trend, and September 2019 shows a double digit increase (+14,7%) compared to the shockingly weak September 2018 (-23,1%), but it’s still nearly 12% lower than September 2017.

Deliveries in all EU member states increased in September,except for Bulgaria. Four of the five major markets even recorded double‐digit gains: Germany (+22,2%), Spain (+18,3%), France (+16,6%) and Italy (+13,4%). The recovery in the United Kingdom market was slower (+1.3%), as Brexit‐related uncertainties continued to affect consumer confidence.

Sales of car models (hatchback, sedan, stationwagon, coupe and convertible) were up 9,9% to 55,5% share, the highest since last April but still 2,4 percentage points on last year. Crossover and SUV sales were up 22,2% to 38,8% share, up 2,4 percentage points on last year and up 7,1 percentage points on 2017. MPV sales were up 12,5% to a stable 5,7% of the European car market. Within these figures, sales of EVs and PHEVs are up 76% in September to 4,6% of the total market, with EVs up 109% and 3,2%, while Plug-in Hybrids are up for the first time in 12 months since the WLTP regulations came into place, growing 28% in September and preparing for a strong end of the year. Including regular hybrids, electrified vehicles reach 10% share for the first time ever in Europe, while diesel sales continue to slide, down 4 percentage points to 29%.

September 2019 Manufacturers

The growth- and decline rates are heavily impacted by the WLTP issues from last year, as Volkswagen makes very clear with a 48,2% increase on September 2018, but still a 24% decline on the same month in 2017. PSA is back into 2nd place despite a relatively stable 5,3% growth rate, while Renault-Nissan Group is slow to recover at just +17%, which means it’s still down 19% on two years ago. A similar fate befalls FCA, with an 11,1% gain on one year ago, but a 24,3% loss on 2017. Tesla is the big winner with sales up 3,5-fold to outsell Suzuki in Europe, with SAIC Motor up 35,5%. Biggest losers are General Motors, down to a mere 60 deliveries, Subaru, down by more than 30% and Aston Martin down by nearly a quarter.

  Group Sep-19 Sep-18 change
1 Volkswagen Group 257.480 173.681 48,2%
2 PSA 210.344 199.760 5,3%
3 Renault-Nissan 166.514 142.363 17,0%
4 BMW AG 102.299 101.678 0,6%
5 Hyundai-Kia 96.178 89.923 7,0%
6 Daimler AG 93.661 87.028 7,6%
7 Ford Motor Comp. 86.345 81.209 6,3%
8 Toyota Motor 72.682 67.060 8,4%
9 Fiat-Chrysler Automobiles 67.628 60.853 11,1%
10 Geely Group 30.810 27.938 10,3%
11 Tata Motors 26.256 26.936 -2,5%
12 Mazda 24.734 22.909 8,0%
13 Tesla Motors 19.560 5.472 257,5%
14 Suzuki 15.299 16.517 -7,4%
15 Honda 11.326 11.615 -2,5%
16 Subaru Corp. 2.118 3.079 -31,2%
17 SAIC 1.369 1.010 35,5%
18 Mahindra & Mahindra 1.048 1.206 -13,1%
19 Aston Martin 262 347 -24,5%
20 General Motors 60 130 -53,8%

September 2019 Brands

At brand level, Tesla and Porsche both more than triple their sales on September 2018, but while this means Tesla is also up fourfold on 2017, Porsche is up “just” 29% on two years ago. Smaller upper luxury brands like Bentley, Lamborghini and Rolls Royce also more than double their sales on last year, but more impressive would be the 59,2% growth for Volkswagen, if it weren’t for an abysmal performance last year. VW’s sister brands Seat (+54,9%), Audi (+37,9%) and Skoda (+25,3%) are in a similar situation, as are Renault (+31,8%), Alfa Romeo (+25,7%) and Jeep (+16,4%). And then there’s a category of brands that took a big hit last year but aren’t recovering at all, most notably Nissan (-5,4% after a 44,3% drop last year), Fiat (+8,6% after a 33,4% decline last year) and Suzuki (-7,4% after a 33,8% drop last year). Then there’s a group of brands that have kept growing or have already more than recovered, most notably Dacia (+23,3% on 2018 and +6% on 2017), Citroen (+13,8% on 2018 and +9,1% on 2017), and Volvo (+10,3% on 2018 and +13,3% on 2017). And finally there are some brands that are just stable through all of this WLTP “mess”, for example Kia (down 2,5% last year, up 2,1% this year), Hyundai (-10.8% last year, up 11,5% this year) and Mazda (down 9,2% last year, up 8% this year).

Meanwhile, Lexus sets a new monthly sales record in Europe, at over 7.000 sales thanks to the UX, already less than 100 sales from becoming the brand’s best selling model.

  Brand Sep-19 Sep-18 change 2019 share 2018 share YTD rank
1 Volkswagen 117.649 73.899 59,2% 9,1% 6,6% 1
2 Mercedes-Benz 87.973 79.605 10,5% 6,8% 7,1% 5
3 Ford 86.344 81.207 6,3% 6,7% 7,2% 3
4 Renault 84.872 64.415 31,8% 6,6% 5,7% 2
5 Opel/Vauxhall 81.729 81.138 0,7% 6,4% 7,2% 6
6 BMW 75.122 80.064 -6,2% 5,8% 7,1% 7
7 Peugeot 75.022 71.982 4,2% 5,8% 6,4% 4
8 Toyota 65.654 61.836 6,2% 5,1% 5,5% 9
9 Skoda 55.876 44.611 25,3% 4,3% 4,0% 9
10 Hyundai 51.702 46.361 11,5% 4,0% 4,1% 14
11 Citroën 49.571 43.547 13,8% 3,9% 3,9% 12
12 Fiat 47.127 43.380 8,6% 3,7% 3,9% 11
13 Kia 44.476 43.562 2,1% 3,5% 3,9% 16
14 Audi 43.210 31.326 37,9% 3,4% 2,8% 11
15 Dacia 37.052 30.049 23,3% 2,9% 2,7% 13
16 Nissan 33.745 35.665 -5,4% 2,6% 3,2% 44
17 Seat 33.429 21.578 54,9% 2,6% 1,9% 15
18 Volvo 30.749 27.879 10,3% 2,4% 2,5% 18
19 Mini 27.055 21.571 25,4% 2,1% 1,9% 21
20 Mazda 24.734 22.909 8,0% 1,9% 2,0% 20
21 Tesla 19.560 5.472 257,5% 1,5% 0,5% 27
22 Land Rover 17.776 16.499 7,7% 1,4% 1,5% 23
23 Suzuki 15.299 16.517 -7,4% 1,2% 1,5% 19
24 Jeep 11.421 9.809 16,4% 0,9% 0,9% 22
25 Honda 11.326 11.615 -2,5% 0,9% 1,0% 25
26 Mitsubishi 10.406 11.643 -10,6% 0,8% 1,0% 24
27 Jaguar 8.480 10.437 -18,8% 0,7% 0,9% 28
28 Lexus 7.028 5.224 34,5% 0,5% 0,5% 32
29 Porsche 6.897 2.102 228,1% 0,5% 0,2% 29
30 Smart 5.688 7.423 -23,4% 0,4% 0,7% 26
31 Lancia 4.158 3.366 23,5% 0,3% 0,3% 30
32 Alfa Romeo 4.116 3.275 25,7% 0,3% 0,3% 28
33 DS 4.022 3.093 30,0% 0,3% 0,3% 33
34 Subaru 2.118 3.079 -31,2% 0,2% 0,3% 29
35 SAIC MG 1.369 1.010 35,5% 0,1% 0,1% 36
36 SSangYong 993 1.095 -9,3% 0,1% 0,1% 35
37 Maserati 359 655 -45,2% 0,0% 0,1% 38
38 Ferrari 276 224 23,2% 0,0% 0,0% 40
39 Aston Martin 262 347 -24,5% 0,0% 0,0% 45
40 Bentley 249 86 189,5% 0,0% 0,0% 42
41 Lada 219 346 -36,7% 0,0% 0,0% 43
42 Lamborghini 148 71 108,5% 0,0% 0,0% 46
43 Infiniti 124 194 -36,1% 0,0% 0,0% 43
44 DR Motor 123 103 19,4% 0,0% 0,0% 4
45 Dodge 122 91 34,1% 0,0% 0,0% 47
46 Rolls Royce 122 43 183,7% 0,0% 0,0% 49
47 Alpine 96 51 88,2% 0,0% 0,0% 39
48 Lotus 57 58 -1,7% 0,0% 0,0% 18
49 Mahindra  55 111 -50,5% 0,0% 0,0% 49
50 Chevrolet 37 105 -64,8% 0,0% 0,0% 44
51 Cadillac 20 25 -20,0% 0,0% 0,0% 50
52 Chrysler 10 8 25,0% 0,0% 0,0% 11
53 Great Wall 8 0 +++ 0,0% 0,0% 17
54 Geely 4 1 300,0% 0,0% 0,0% 53
55 Bugatti 3 0 +++ 0,0% 0,0% 18

September 2019 Models

Looking at the models, we find the Opel/Vauxhall Corsa in second place ahead of the Renault Clio that we usually find in that place. September is traditionally the strongest month of the year for the Corsa, but this is the model’s highest ranking since July 2012 and the highest monthly volume since September 2016. The Mercedes-Benz A-Class hits a new highest ranking in fourth place, beating the #6 place it took exactly one year ago. This is also its second highest monthly sales volume in Europe, after last March, helped by the strong UK market in those months. Best selling crossover is once again the Nissan Qashqai in 7th place, just ahead of the Volkswagen Tiguan in 8th place. The Tesla Model 3 hits new volume and ranking records at #12, helped by Tesla’s infamous “last month of the quarter” push. The Toyota Corolla is stable at #21 but third in its segment behind the Golf (#1) and Octavia (#15), and ahead of the Astra (#22) and 308 (#36) The Volkswagen Polo is suffering greatly at #23, its lowest ranking in over a decade, with 22nd being its former lowest ranking, in October 2017. The Volkswagen T-Roc is down from 4th in August to 29th in September. For the third month in a row, the Citroen C5 Aircross (#63) outsells its sibling Opel/Vauxhall Grandland X (#64), albeit by a tiny margin.

Besides the Model 3, we see record monthly sales for the Hyundai Kona (#32, just behind the Volkswagen T-Cross), Volvo XC40 (#47, just behind the BMW X1), BMW X5 (#85) and Lexus ES (#210). Best selling newcomers (<12 months) are the Model 3, Volkswagen T-Cross (#31), Skoda Scala (#98), Seat Tarraco (#140), Lexus UX (#153) and Mazda CX-30 (#154).

  Model Sep-19 Sep-18 change YTD rank
1 Volkswagen Golf 32.333 14.887 117,2% 1
2 Opel/Vauxhall Corsa 28.420 24.831 14,5% 6
3 Renault Clio 25.039 22.156 13,0% 2
4 Mercedes-Benz A-Class 22.533 17.453 29,1% 36
5 Ford Fiesta 22.290 22.676 -1,7% 5
6 Ford Focus 21.668 12.769 69,7% 8
7 Nissan Qashqai 19.928 14.409 38,3% 13
8 Volkswagen Tiguan 19.272 7.741 149,0% 4
9 Citroën C3 17.894 16.153 10,8% 11
10 Toyota Yaris 17.803 19.449 -8,5% 16
11 Renault Captur 17.589 14.663 20,0% 12
12 Tesla Model 3 17.502 0 New 61
13 Mini 17.061 13.258 28,7% 29
14 Fiat 500 16.513 16.192 2,0% 19
15 Skoda Octavia 16.487 14.832 11,2% 9
16 Peugeot 208 15.849 17.752 -10,7% 7
17 Peugeot 3008 15.307 15.176 0,9% 17
18 Dacia Duster 14.444 9.467 52,6% 15
19 Peugeot 2008 14.277 14.218 0,4% 20
20 Dacia Sandero 14.237 12.466 14,2% 10
21 Toyota Corolla 14.149 937 1410,0% 32
22 Opel/Vauxhall Astra 13.733 11.571 18,7% 24
23 Volkswagen Polo 13.540 16.061 -15,7% 3
24 Hyundai Tucson 13.185 14.503 -9,1% 26
25 Fiat Panda 12.878 12.328 4,5% 18
26 Ford Kuga 12.816 13.496 -5,0% 25
27 BMW 3-series 12.805 10.085 27,0% 41
28 Mercedes-Benz C-Class 12.696 12.864 -1,3% 22
29 Volkswagen T-Roc 12.019 10.334 16,3% 14
30 Skoda Fabia 11.835 11.124 6,4% 21
31 Volkswagen T-Cross 11.240 0 New 65
32 Hyundai Kona 10.958 6.449 69,9% 46
33 Kia Sportage 10.893 11.994 -9,2% 40
34 Mercedes-Benz GLC 10.829 11.589 -6,6% 50
35 Toyota Aygo 10.700 10.106 5,9% 52
36 Peugeot 308 10.573 10.496 0,7% 23
37 Ford Ecosport 10.504 11.259 -6,7% 35
38 Renault Megane 10.411 6.128 69,9% 30
39 Mercedes-Benz E-Class 10.091 11.219 -10,1% 43
40 Renault Kadjar 9.585 5.055 89,6% 39
41 Opel/Vauxhall Crossland X 9.221 7.364 25,2% 37
42 Toyota C-HR 8.947 11.780 -24,0% 31
43 Renault Twingo 8.914 5.614 58,8% 62
44 Toyota RAV4 8.726 6.034 44,6% 53
45 Seat Arona 8.554 4.814 77,7% 38
46 BMW X1 8.501 8.489 0,1% 45
47 Volvo XC40 8.391 5.983 40,2% 79
48 Opel/Vauxhall Mokka 8.255 10.437 -20,9% 49
49 Citroën C3 Aircross 8.185 8.805 -7,0% 33
50 Mercedes-Benz GLA 8.172 7.346 11,2% 81
51 BMW X3 8.105 7.630 6,2% 73
52 Skoda Karoq 8.062 5.994 34,5% 48
53 BMW 5-series 8.012 10.007 -19,9% 58
54 Hyundai i10 7.889 8.664 -8,9% 72
55 Volvo XC60 7.872 6.740 16,8% 76
56 Kia Ceed 7.866 5.797 35,7% 51
57 Seat Ibiza 7.860 4.924 59,6% 47
58 BMW 1-series 7.539 15.094 -50,1% 42
59 Seat Leon 7.538 5.996 25,7% 27
60 Mercedes-Benz CLA 7.340 5.435 35,1% 98
61 Kia Picanto 7.280 8.058 -9,7% 74
62 Skoda Kodiaq 7.181 1.547 364,2% 64
63 Citroën C5 Aircross 7.166 125 5632,8% 87
64 Opel/Vauxhall Grandland X 7.047 7.918 -11,0% 56
65 Fiat 500X 6.833 4.902 39,4% 55
66 Hyundai i20 6.727 6.299 6,8% 60
67 Mercedes-Benz B-Class 6.702 4.653 44,0% 77
68 Range Rover Evoque 6.688 3.999 67,2% 117
69 Mini Countryman 6.652 5.754 15,6% 104
70 Audi A3 / S3 / RS3 6.627 4.906 35,1% 28
71 Volkswagen Passat 6.518 5.497 18,6% 34
72 Hyundai i30 6.321 4.786 32,1% 78
73 Kia Stonic 6.259 4.405 42,1% 91
74 Jeep Renegade 6.251 4.462 40,1% 67
75 Fiat Tipo 6.193 3.354 84,6% 57
76 Opel Karl / Vauxhall Viva 6.121 5.280 15,9% 92
77 Peugeot 5008 6.040 4.470 35,1% 80
78 BMW 2-series Active/Gran Tourer 5.995 6.186 -3,1% 94
79 Audi Q5 5.774 4.385 31,7% 90
80 Mazda CX-5 5.772 7.233 -20,2% 88
81 Kia Niro 5.641 3.917 44,0% 96
82 Audi Q3 5.584 3.110 79,5% 54
83 Seat Ateca 5.255 4.045 29,9% 63
84 Suzuki Swift 5.109 4.441 15,0% 89
85 BMW X5 5.085 2.401 111,8% 120
86 Mazda CX-3 5.059 4.496 12,5% 97
87 Renault (Grand) Scenic 5.036 3.547 42,0% 75
88 Audi A4 / S4 / RS4 4.904 2.853 71,9% 44
89 Audi Q2 4.785 2.205 117,0% 70
90 Skoda Superb 4.780 4.763 0,4% 85
91 Nissan Micra 4.706 4.737 -0,7% 84
92 Dacia Logan 4.607 4.845 -4,9% 95
93 Citroën C1 4.578 5.528 -17,2% 105
94 Volkswagen Up! 4.472 8.464 -47,2% 66
95 Mazda3 4.457 3.370 32,3% 135
96 Peugeot 108 4.455 5.778 -22,9% 99
97 Ford Ka+ 4.427 5.013 -11,7% 109
98 Skoda Scala 4.318 0 New 161
99 Peugeot 508 4.304 529 713,6% 125
100 Ford Ranger 4.300 6.100 -29,5% 107
101 Volvo V60 4.286 3.502 22,4% 101
102 Lancia Ypsilon 4.158 3.366 23,5% 93
103 Audi A6 / S6 / RS6 / Allroad 4.134 3.364 22,9% 59
104 Mazda2 3.985 4.141 -3,8% 136
105 Volkswagen Touran 3.984 3.402 17,1% 71
106 Smart Fortwo 3.951 4.953 -20,2% 83
107 Citroën C4 (Grand) Picasso 3.858 4.120 -6,4% 106
108 Audi A1 3.782 5.387 -29,8% 69
109 Suzuki Vitara 3.776 3.347 12,8% 68
110 Jeep Compass 3.704 3.681 0,6% 86
111 Peugeot Rifter 3.632 1.272 185,5% 112
112 Renault Zoe 3.571 2.740 30,3% 116
113 Opel/Vauxhall Insignia 3.550 5.038 -29,5% 108
114 Mitsubishi Outlander 3.536 3.716 -4,8% 111
115 BMW X2 3.534 4.773 -26,0% 119
116 Volkswagen Caddy Life 3.478 1.272 173,4% 103
117 Honda CR-V 3.370 1.952 72,6% 139
118 Mini Clubman 3.342 2.559 30,6% 152
119 Volvo S90/V90 3.268 3.620 -9,7% 127
120 Nissan X-Trail 3.267 2.768 18,0% 165
121 Kia Rio 3.258 3.646 -10,6% 123
122 BMW 2-series Coupe & Convertible 3.237 3.317 -2,4% 158
123 BMW 4-series 3.176 4.965 -36,0% 129
124 Citroën C4 Cactus 3.156 4.495 -29,8% 100
125 Nissan Leaf 3.152 3.758 -16,1% 144
126 BMW i3 3.126 2.387 31,0% 143
127 Mitsubishi Space Star / Mirage 3.089 3.682 -16,1% 130
128 Citroën Berlingo Multispace 3.088 2.255 36,9% 114
129 Jaguar E-Pace 3.041 3.079 -1,2% 150
130 Range Rover Sport 3.025 2.013 50,3% 153
131 Ford Mondeo 3.017 3.566 -15,4% 122
132 Volkswagen Transporter / Multivan 3.007 1.120 168,5% 82
133 Honda Jazz 2.944 3.923 -25,0% 140
134 Land Rover Discovery Sport 2.921 4.274 -31,7% 147
135 Hyundai Ioniq 2.903 2.652 9,5% 141
136 Honda Civic 2.880 4.083 -29,5% 126
137 Volvo XC90 2.862 2.505 14,3% 151
138 Volvo V40 2.778 5.392 -48,5% 113
139 Jaguar F-Pace 2.677 2.595 3,2% 169
140 Seat Tarraco 2.624 6 New 155
141 Volkswagen Sportsvan 2.611 1.660 57,3% 110
142 Range Rover Velar 2.561 3.359 -23,8% 160
143 Mercedes-Benz GLE 2.535 1.803 40,6% 170
144 BMW X4 2.502 1.674 49,5% 157
145 Porsche Macan 2.476 728 240,1% 162
146 Suzuki Ignis 2.461 3.868 -36,4% 128
147 Hyundai ix20 2.391 1.795 33,2% 172
148 Audi A5 / S5 / RS5 2.389 2.050 16,5% 115
149 Opel/Vauxhall Adam 2.340 4.877 -52,0% 121
150 Nissan Juke 2.322 9.067 -74,4% 102
151 Volkswagen Touareg 2.304 1.571 46,7% 159
152 Lexus NX 2.258 2.306 -2,1% 175
153 Lexus UX 2.191 0 New 183
154 Mazda CX-30 2.143 0 New 269
155 Honda HR-V 2.117 1.645 28,7% 168
156 Dacia Dokker 2.099 1.855 13,2% 118
157 DS7 Crossback 2.035 1.697 19,9% 154
158 Alfa Romeo Stelvio 2.031 1.509 34,6% 156
159 Fiat 500L 1.946 1.798 8,2% 124
160 Mitsubishi ASX 1.895 1.776 6,7% 142
161 Ford S-Max 1.874 1.244 50,6% 163
162 Mazda6 1.859 2.346 -20,8% 166
163 Mercedes-Benz V-Class 1.783 1.573 13,4% 148
164 Mitsubishi Eclipse Cross 1.774 2.262 -21,6% 146
165 Porsche 911 1.773 247 617,8% 182
166 Ford (Grand) C-Max 1.747 4.046 -56,8% 138
167 Smart Forfour 1.737 2.468 -29,6% 137
168 Toyota Prius+ 1.725 1.057 63,2% 203
169 DS3 Crossback 1.688 0 New 191
170 Dacia Lodgy 1.665 1.416 17,6% 149
171 Skoda Kamiq 1.639 0 New 272
172 Suzuki Jimny 1.621 264 514,0% 178
173 Ford Tourneo Courier 1.600 1.300 23,1% 171
174 Volkswagen Arteon 1.590 1.075 47,9% 174
175 Porsche Cayenne 1.586 497 219,1% 190
176 Audi e-Tron 1.552 0 New 188
177 Mazda MX-5 1.457 1.318 10,5% 187
178 Kia Optima 1.366 1.245 9,7% 196
179 Alfa Romeo Giulietta 1.357 886 53,2% 179
180 Fiat Ducato 1.326 1.517 -12,6% 133
181 Audi Q8 1.323 1.215 8,9% 176
182 Range Rover 1.303 932 39,8% 199
183 Ford Tourneo Connect 1.300 900 44,4% 189
184 Volvo S60 1.291 127 916,5% 237
185 Land Rover Discovery 1.271 1.919 -33,8% 213
186 Renault Koleos 1.268 1.212 4,6% 205
187 Jaguar I-Pace 1.250 405 208,6% 202
188 Toyota Camry 1.209 0 New 231
189 Suzuki S-Cross 1.207 1.950 -38,1% 132
190 Skoda Citigo 1.186 2.361 -49,8% 131
191 Tesla Model X 1.129 2.422 -53,4% 232
192 Mercedes-Benz Vito Tourer 1.123 1.136 -1,1% 164
193 MG ZS 1.095 570 92,1% 230
194 Opel/Vauxhall Combo Tour 1.081 889 21,6% 195
195 BMW Z4 1.078 8 +++ 211
196 Renault Talisman 1.054 935 12,7% 185
197 Kia Sorento 1.036 1.052 -1,5% 217
198 Opel/Vauxhall Zafira 994 1.660 -40,1% 194
199 Seat Alhambra 991 443 123,7% 167
200 Renault Trafic Passenger 984 643 53,0% 201
201 Audi Q7 965 703 37,3% 180
202 Toyota Prius 959 1.352 -29,1% 229
203 Tesla Model S 916 3.041 -69,9% 225
204 Ford Edge 845 463 82,5% 219
205 Jaguar XE 794 1.760 -54,9% 227
206 Volkswagen Sharan 776 201 286,1% 173
207 Renault Kangoo 765 1.126 -32,1% 193
208 Ford Galaxy 748 585 27,9% 192
209 BMW 7-series 745 799 -6,8% 214
210 Lexus ES 728 0 New 259
211 Alfa Romeo Giulia 725 587 23,5% 207
212 Mercedes-Benz S-Class 723 1.106 -34,6% 206
213 Hyundai Santa Fe 722 554 30,3% 215
214 Subaru XV 716 1.278 -44,0% 212
215 Audi TT 687 156 340,4% 200
216 Mercedes-Benz Sprinter Combi 683 472 44,7% 222
217 Lexus RX 670 918 -27,0% 239
218 Subaru Legacy / Outback 670 678 -1,2% 243
219 Jeep Wrangler 644 832 -22,6% 235
220 Suzuki Baleno 631 1.147 -45,0% 181
221 Seat Mii 600 682 -12,0% 186
222 Renault Espace 590 466 26,6% 209
223 Mercedes-AMG GT 579 232 149,6% 246
224 Porsche Panamera 566 278 103,6% 226
225 Mercedes-Benz CLS 555 774 -28,3% 220
226 Ford Transit Tourneo 547 456 20,0% 218
227 Citroën Spacetourer 546 683 -20,1% 197
228 Lexus CT 537 1.114 -51,8% 249
229 Ford Mustang 535 839 -36,2% 210
230 Toyota Land Cruiser 530 648 -18,2% 241
231 Fiat Qubo 527 759 -30,6% 221
232 Subaru Forester 509 732 -30,5% 224
233 BMW X7 502 0 New 266
234 Ford Tourneo Custom 500 1.800 -72,2% 177
235 Suzuki Celerio 493 1.499 -67,1% 184
236 Citroën C-Elysee 476 448 6,3% 240
237 Audi A7 / S7 / RS7 456 573 -20,4% 228
238 Jeep Grand Cherokee 451 555 -18,7% 233
239 Porsche 718 Boxster/Cayman 440 328 34,1% 236
240 Lexus IS 440 615 -28,5% 265
241 BMW 8-series 412 67 514,9% 242
242 SsangYong Tivoli 408 412 -1,0% 244
243 Fiat Doblo 406 301 34,9% 253
244 Skoda Rapid 388 3.938 -90,1% 134
245 Jeep Cherokee 367 278 32,0% 261
246 SsangYong Korando 364 225 61,8% 271
247 Toyota Proace Verso 362 601 -39,8% 208
248 Peugeot Traveller 335 838 -60,0% 198
249 Jaguar XF 329 1.900 -82,7% 238
250 BMW 6-series 327 913 -64,2% 245
251 Kia Soul 327 979 -66,6% 248
252 Kia Stinger 318 295 7,8% 260
253 Mercedes-Benz G-Class 308 395 -22,0% 223
254 Jaguar F-type 308 584 -47,3% 264
255 DS3 299 991 -69,8% 234
256 Fiat Talento 297 262 13,4% 257
257 Mercedes-Benz SLC 289 561 -48,5% 256
258 Mercedes-Benz Citan Combi 274 310 -11,6% 255
259 MG3 274 358 -23,5% 263
260 Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe 272 196 38,8% 251
261 Hyundai H1 / Starex 241 236 2,1% 270
262 Toyota Auris 238 8.890 -97,3% 145
263 BMW X6 235 1.018 -76,9% 252
264 Kia Venga 227 1.035 -78,1% 204
265 Nissan NV200 Evalia 220 224 -1,8% 267
266 Mercedes-Benz EQC 212 0 New 332
267 Audi A8 / S8 208 330 -37,0% 250
268 Maserati Levante 208 358 -41,9% 268
269 Opel Ampera-e 203 118 72,0% 280
270 Opel/Vauxhall Vivaro Tour 199 812 -75,5% 216
271 Toyota Supra 195 0 New 315
272 Fiat 124 Spider 189 452 -58,2% 247
273 Hyundai Elantra 171 40 327,5% 283
274 Lexus RC 163 145 12,4% 292
275 Hyundai i40 156 346 -54,9% 262
276 Bentley Continental GT / GTC 143 21 581,0% 274
277 Lada Niva 141 188 -25,0% 273
278 Maserati Ghibli 119 217 -45,2% 279
279 SsangYong Rexton 118 166 -28,9% 277
280 Subaru Levorg 118 116 1,7% 295
281 Ferrari 488 GTB 114 87 31,0% 284
282 Aston Martin V8/V12 Vantage 114 169 -32,5% 301
283 Toyota GT86 110 200 -45,0% 299
284 Mercedes-Benz GLB 100 0 New 348
285 Mercedes-Benz SL 97 122 -20,5% 298
286 Alpine A110 96 51 88,2% 254
287 Citroën C-Zero 96 111 -13,5% 294
288 Aston Martin DB11 94 151 -37,7% 306
289 SsangYong XLV 93 155 -40,0% 278
290 Bentley Bentayga 91 55 65,5% 307
291 Opel/Vauxhall Cascada 83 114 -27,2% 288
292 Ferrari Portofino 81 75 8,0% 291
293 Lamborghini Urus 80 15 433,3% 296
294 Mercedes-Benz GLS 76 230 -67,0% 276
295 Infiniti Q30 76 110 -30,9% 285
296 Jaguar XJ 76 109 -30,3% 310
297 BMW i8 69 152 -54,6% 289
298 Subaru Impreza 60 225 -73,3% 282
299 Peugeot iOn 59 124 -52,4% 300
300 DR4 57 33 72,7% 313
301 Nissan 370Z 54 87 -37,9% 318
302 Ferrari 812 Superfast 53 32 65,6% 305
303 Lada Vesta 47 77 -39,0% 281
304 Peugeot 301 45 84 -46,4% 287
305 Mahindra KUV100 44 78 -43,6% 303
306 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera 44 0 New 320
307 Subaru BRZ 44 46 -4,3% 322
308 Nissan NV300 43 80 -46,3% 297
309 Lamborghini Huracan 41 37 10,8% 312
310 Audi R8 40 39 2,6% 302
311 Rolls Royce Cullinan 40 0 New 326
312 Lotus Exige 33 30 10,0% 330
313 Lexus LC 32 31 3,2% 325
314 Infiniti Q50 31 25 24,0% 316
315 Rolls Royce Phantom 27 8 237,5% 351
316 Lamborghini Aventador 26 17 52,9% 319
317 Ferrari GTC4Lusso 25 26 -3,8% 327
318 Rolls Royce Wraith 25 12 108,3% 354
319 Lotus Elise 23 27 -14,8% 328
320 Hyundai Nexo 23 26 -11,5% 333
321 Peugeot Partner Tepee / Ranch 21 880 -97,6% 258
322 Chevrolet Camaro 21 66 -68,2% 275
323 Maserati GranTurismo 18 24 -25,0% 337
324 Rolls Royce Ghost 16 10 60,0% 356
325 Infiniti QX30 15 34 -55,9% 308
326 Mitsubishi i-MiEV 14 27 -48,1% 344
327 Mahindra XUV500 11 33 -66,7% 338
328 Rolls Royce Dawn 11 12 -8,3% 347
329 Bentley Mulsanne 11 5 120,0% 341
330 Maserati GranCabrio 9 6 50,0% 339
331 Citroën E-Mehari 9 24 -62,5% 342
332 Lexus LS 8 19 -57,9% 331
333 Aston Martin Rapide 7 9 -22,2% 353
334 Mitsubishi Pajero / Montero / Shogun 5 128 -96,1% 314
335 Seat Toledo 4 665 -99,4% 286
336 Kia Carens 4 1.132 -99,6% 293
337 Fiat Punto 4 1.501 -99,7% 317
338 Maserati Quattroporte 4 49 -91,8% 329
339 Nissan Pulsar 3 491 -99,4% 311
340 SsangYong Rodius / Stavic 2 135 -98,5% 324
341 Alfa Romeo 4C 2 35 -94,3% 334

European car sales statistics are from the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom. They exclude vehicles registered as commercial vehicles. Source: ANDC, JATO Dynamics